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$900 million in unfunded pension liabilities driving New Haven budget deficit

Testifying before the Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee Tuesday, New Haven Mayor Justin Elicker said New Haven’s unfunded pension liabilities are driving the city’s $66 million deficit, leaving him few options but to raise property taxes.

“One of biggest drivers of our deficit right now is pensions and that is significantly increasing every year,” Elicker said. “Our unfunded liabilities for our pensions is around $900 million.”

According to New Haven’s most recent 2018 valuation reports, the city’s police and fire fighters pension fund was only 41.4 percent funded and faces $477.9 in unfunded liabilities, marking a 9 percent increase since 2016 and costing the city $39.5 million per year to keep up with payments.

New Haven’s city employee pension fund was only 38.8 percent funded, marking $281.4 million in unfunded liabilities and costing the city $22.6 million per year.

But those figures have undoubtedly increased since those valuation reports were published.

Elicker testified in support of a bill which would adjust how Connecticut awards PILOT money based on a municipality’s percentage of nontaxable property, it’s mill rate and the per capita equalized net grand list.

Elicker said the City of New Haven receives only $41 million in PILOT funding for property tax exempt buildings, which comprise 60 percent of New Haven’s property.

If PILOT were fully funded, New Haven would receive $180 million per year, more than enough to make up for the city’s deficit, which is more than 10 percent of the city’s $600 million budget. 

Absent additional funding from the state, Elicker says he would have to increase property taxes by 20 percent to make up for the $66 million deficit. “We just cannot cut that amount,” Elicker said.

Sen. Henri Martin, R-Bristol, said New Haven’s unfunded pension liabilities are “elephant in the room,” similar to the State of Connecticut’s nearly $60 billion in unfunded retirement liabilities.

“I would categorize it differently,” Elicker said. “Because the state of Connecticut has many more mechanisms to collect revenue than we do as a city.”

“If we were fully funded each year at that $180 million level – we’re currently at $41 million – we would much, much more easily be able to fund basic services we cannot deliver, in my view, already and significantly reduce that liability to get us to a more sustainable path,” Elicker said.

The state is supposed to reimburse municipalities for 100 percent of property taxes lost from a correctional facility, 77 percent for colleges and hospitals and 45 percent for other state-owned property. 

However, the legislature has not fully funded PILOT for two decades, diverting the money to cover state budget deficits largely brought on by Connecticut’s ever-rising fixed costs, including the state’s own unfunded pension liabilities.

But with only 25 percent of the PILOT funds actually being allocated, there is little left for the state to withhold.

Senate President Pro-Ten Martin Looney, D-New Haven, testified that if Connecticut was fully funding PILOT, $613 million would be transferred to municipalities. Instead, Connecticut paid $158 million in 2021. 

Rep. Terrie Wood, R-Darien, questioned Looney as to why PILOT has been underfunded for so long.

“The urban districts and the Democrats have run the legislature for forty years, yet we’re underfunding PILOT,” said Rep. Terrie Wood, R-Darien. “Under your leadership I think we would have fully funded the PILOT.”

Looney responded saying “there have been many needs that have had to be met over the years and now is the time to catch up on this one.” 

The new tiered formula would require $129 million more from the state, but, according to Looney, every municipality would receive more PILOT funds than it is currently. The bill is supported by the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities and, to a limited degree, the Council of Small Towns.

Yale University also voiced its support for the proposal as the university has come under fire from Elicker and other city officials and activists for not providing more financial support to the city.

According to Richard Jacob, Yale’s Associate Vice President for Federal and State Relations, Yale voluntarily donated $30 million to the city for the university’s tax-exempt properties. But Jacob noted Yale “generates a total $6.2 billion annually to the state economy.”

According to testimony submitted by Alder for New Haven’s 8th Ward Ellen Cupo, “Yale University sits on unimaginable wealth yet receives a $157 million tax break from New Haven. At Yale’s doorstep, thousands of our residents cannot access basic needs.”

The readjustment of the PILOT payment plan is one of a number of proposals to rescue ailing cities have been put forward this year, ranging from a state-wide property tax put forward by Looney to Gov. Ned Lamont’s budget proposal tying part of the revenue raised by legalized cannabis sales to cities.

“We can clearly see that PILOT is not working and something needs to be done to make municipalities who have these nontaxable properties whole,” Martin said. 

**Meghan Portfolio contributed to this article**

Marc E. Fitch

Marc E. Fitch is the author of several books and novels including Shmexperts: How Power Politics and Ideology are Disguised as Science and Paranormal Nation: Why America Needs Ghosts, UFOs and Bigfoot. Marc was a 2014 Robert Novak Journalism Fellow and his work has appeared in The Federalist, American Thinker, The Skeptical Inquirer, World Net Daily and Real Clear Policy. Marc has a Master of Fine Arts degree from Western Connecticut State University. Marc can be reached at [email protected]


  1. John Feher
    February 18, 2021 @ 3:21 am

    Pensions are a cancer in the states finances and local governments.people of Ct enough is enough! Vote red!


  2. michael satler
    February 18, 2021 @ 3:18 pm

    I PAY 13% OF MY INCOME TO THE KINGDOM OF WEST HAVEN, AND THAT’S AFTER SUBTRACTING OUT TRASH PICKUP & SEWAGE. SO, MY ct STATE & local tax burden is more than double that of connecticut’s oligarchy class, expressed as a proportion of income. Stefanowski would had likely done better if he came up with credible solutions to tame the property tax, rather than choosing the elimination of the state income tax to represent his fantasy centerpiece. connecticut republicans have problems talking turkey to those earning less than 100k.


  3. Mark A. BIBBIns
    February 22, 2021 @ 7:27 am

    Yale is tax exempt and it also maintains its own properties. Yale maintains its own public safety INFRASTRUCTURE and maintenance facilities. Should the mayor of New Haven reconsider how it mismanaged its income and expenses?


  4. Terry
    March 18, 2021 @ 1:01 pm

    What, no biden bucks going to bail out solidly blue New Haven? If not, why not?


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