Although some of the changes would not be possible until 2027 when the union benefits contract expires, several other reforms could be implemented immediately, such as requiring a legislative vote on collective bargaining agreements, and changing binding arbitration laws.
Republicans have indicated they would support many of the reforms.
Similar legislation proposed during the 2017 session was met with significant resistance from union leaders and ultimately did not pass out of committee.
The only one of their suggestions included in the latest House Democratic budget proposal is a cap on state bonding, but there is no mention of any of the proposed labor reforms.
But getting labor reforms included in a budget by House Democrats could prove difficult. House Speaker Joe Aresimowicz, D-Berlin, is an employee of the powerful government union AFSCME, whose members would be affected by any reforms made to the way Connecticut negotiates with its labor unions.
In addition to extending the union benefits contract until 2027, the $1.5 billion concessions deal guaranteed union employees 3.5 percent pay raises in 2020 and 2021, and a lump sum $2,000 payment in July of 2018. It also gave employees layoff protection until 2021.
In exchange, union members accepted a three-year wage freeze and increased contributions toward their pensions and healthcare.
The raises and layoff protections could put Connecticut in a difficult spot during the next budget-making session in 2019 as lawmakers will have to balance the raises with rising costs and potentially lower tax revenue.
Fixed costs such as debt service, and payments for pensions and retiree healthcare are rising faster than tax revenue. In an interview with U.S. News and World Report, Benjamin Barnes, secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, said Connecticut’s fiscal problems are almost due entirely to unfunded pension liabilities.
“The increases that we’ve made in payments for retiree health and unfunded pension liability since 2010 are equivalent to all the taxes we’ve raised and then some,” said Barnes.
Connecticut’s unfunded pension liability is reportedly $34.8 billion, but many estimate that it is much higher when factoring in lower discount rates.
Connecticut has also not met tax revenue projections, even after the two major tax increases in 2011 and 2015. Lower-than-projected income tax revenue in 2017 caused the budget deficit to jump from $3.5 billion to $5.1 billion.
Months after the June deadline, Connecticut remains without a budget, while lawmakers are proposing another round of tax increases. House and Senate Democratic leaders have refused to bring Republican budget proposals, which do not include major tax increases, up for a vote.
Instead, Gov. Dannel Malloy has been running the state through executive order, but the rapidly rising fixed costs are once again causing problems.
The governor is limited to 2017 spending levels but the rise in the cost of pensions, healthcare and debt service means there is less money for education, municipal aid and social services.
In response, Malloy issued an executive order zeroing out education funding for 85 towns across Connecticut and severely slashing funds for another 54.
The cuts threaten to raise property taxes and towns have already begun to layoff teachers and other municipal employees who are not protected under the state employee concessions deal.