The Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee on Wednesday approved a $1.3 billion revenue increase, largely funded by maintaining a tax on hospitals, a 2 percent surtax on capital gains and various increases to the sales tax for restaurant meals, digital downloads and ridesharing services, among others.
Union activists representing the Service Employees International Union crowded into the committee room and overflow rooms in support of one of the most controversial aspects of the Finance Committee’s budget proposals – an increase to the state’s capital gains tax.
Union leaders and members of the Progressive Caucus in the House of Representatives have long called for increasing taxes on Connecticut’s top-earners, while opponents to the increase argue it could accelerate the loss of wealthy individuals and families to low tax states.
Capital gains are currently taxed at Connecticut’s top income tax rate of 6.99 percent. The change will increase the tax to 8.99 percent to bring in an additional $262 million per year in 2021.
The vote was largely along party lines, however, Rep. Stephen Meskers, D-Greenwich, voted against the budget proposal, a clear signal that many of his constituents would likely not be pleased with the capital gains tax.
Rep. Emil Altobello, D-Meriden, also voted against the budget proposal.
The largest revenue item, however, was from maintaining the hospital user fee, which will bring in an estimated $516 million that was previously scheduled to decrease.
The hospital user fee is a tax designed to get the state of Connecticut more federal Medicaid dollars. Originally, the extra Medicaid dollars were to be returned to the hospitals, but the legislature and Gov. Dannel Malloy kept more and more of the revenue to fill budget gaps.
The state sales tax would be expanded to include interior design services, parking, ridesharing services, safety apparel and dry cleaning. The 1 percent tax on digital downloads would be increased to the standard state sales tax rate of 6.35 percent.
There would also be a 1 percent tax increase on prepared food and an increase on the excise tax for alcoholic beverages and the minimum markup for cigarettes.
The Finance Committee also approved a 10-cent charge for plastic bags, another proposal that originated out of Lamont’s budget. The new tax will raise between $29 and $32 million.
The Finance Committee budget did commit a greater share of the motor vehicle sales tax to the state’s Special Transportation Fund than was originally proposed by Lamont who sought to freeze the sales tax transfer at 2019 levels, starving the state’s transportation fund in favor of tolls.
However, even with the increase in sales tax revenue, the STF will still decrease transportation funds by $115 million by 2021, according the Office of Fiscal Analysis.
In a statement to the press, Yankee Institute President Carol Platt Liebau said the proposals “demonstrate a disturbing inability to learn from the negative impact of past tax increases.”
“As we’ve seen before, increasing Connecticut’s capital gains tax is likely to drive even more high-income residents from our state, thereby burdening those without the means to relocate with increased taxes, plummeting property values, and fewer services,” Liebau said.
Following the 2015 tax increase, which raised income tax rates on the wealthy and instituted a surcharge on corporations, Connecticut saw one of its largest losses of income as residents who earned over $200,000 per year departed for other states, according to data from the Internal Revenue Service.
The net loss of adjusted gross income from the loss of residents totaled $2.6 billion.
Lamont and legislators will now have to negotiate to reach a budget deal. Lamont will face increasing pressure from the progressive wing of his party to break his campaign promise not to increase taxes on high earners.
May 1, 2019 @ 8:28 pm
Wrong answers…… where are the budget cuts ? I was in Florida every party I went to I met people who have left Connecticut. Others would ask ….why are you still there?
The trend is disturbing and I now plan to leave
I wish I had left earlier
May 2, 2019 @ 7:39 am
no worries about the new capital gains tax on real estate, as there will be capital losses not capital gains, they are chasing us out to other states, I have lots of capital gains that will be realized when I sell my assets but I will not be a Ct. resident when I sell them, capital gains in Ct. is easy to avoid ( not evade as that is illegal) just move out for a year, become a resident of Florida, sell your assets, pay the federal tax and enjoy your money, do not give it to Ct legislators to redistribute, the state of Ct. can not be fixed, the tax and spend crowd will continue to gain strength, as the people moving out do not vote democratic, the money grab and strength of the democratic control of Ct will only get stronger, as billions and billions of dollars in wealth will be wiped out of real estate values, you cannot achieve growth in a state that is literally begging wealthy people to leave, and the exodus is now in full force, if you are in the business of estate sales, printing of real estate signs, or own a moving business, lol, business is booming
May 2, 2019 @ 8:49 am
Omg. Now I have to move. I am not going to make it. So saddened by this.
May 2, 2019 @ 1:59 pm
I’m out too. My husband has had job offers in NC. I’m tired of being angry all the time. I’m so over CT. There is NO upside to living here
May 3, 2019 @ 7:06 am
This on top of impending tolls and an assesment for FMLA.
May 6, 2019 @ 1:17 pm
I left Ct at the end of January for the Villages in Florida. So much to do here. Disney land for adults. Glad to have left the land of ever increasing taxes for all this fun. 69 years in Ct is over. Never thought I would leave.
December 6, 2019 @ 4:04 pm
Short-sighted thinking has been the long-term plan from our politicians for decades. The retirement obligations continue to gorge on our tax dollars worse every year. We the taxpayers will continue to loose more income to that bottomless pit until someone steps up and breaks the bad news to the unions. This isn’t anti-union, it’s pro-reality.
January 3, 2020 @ 8:26 am
But Fasano was not the only critic of the plan. In a statement to the press, Yankee Institute President Carol Platt Liebau said the proposals “demonstrate a disturbing inability to learn from the negative impact of past tax increases.
February 10, 2021 @ 11:40 am
The Biden tax plan is highly progressive, increasing taxes for the top 1 percent of earners by 13 to 18 percent of after-tax income, while indirectly increasing taxes for most other groups by 0.2 to 0.6 percent.